The Influences of Islamic Architecture on Sikh Architecture in Punjab Region from The 16th-19th ce

Document Type : research articles


Cairo University, Egypt


This paper will trace the influence of Islamic architecture on Sikh buildings in the Punjab region of the north–west of India (10th-13th AH/ 16-19th CE. This influence was a direct result of the solid roots of Islamic architecture India’s Mughal Empire during the same aforementioned period. In return, the latter influenced by Islamic art and architecture in Iran.
This manuscript presents Sikh religious architecture along with its origins and components; by giving a brief overview of the Sikhism’s various contexts including the region, socio-political history and analysing its architecture. It focuses on the Gurudwara; the temple and the focal point of the Sikhism.
The paper shows to what extend the Gurudwara is a distinguished example showing the combination of Mughal Indian and Safavid architecture along with Sikh entirely new units. Moreover, Hindu architecture was also one of the Gurudwara architecture origins as appear in the distribution of the units.  
The study concluded that the similarity of Islamic architecture and Sikh architecture is due to that many architects and artists of the Gurudwara were Muslims.


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