Teamwork in the Production of the Book of the Dead Papyri during the Ptolemaic Period: the papyrus of Peteamunnebnesetawy (p.Turin 1831)

Document Type : research articles



P. Turin 1831 is a Book of the Dead manuscript from the Ptolemaic period, belonging to God's father, priest of Amun in Karnak, Peteamunnebnesetawy son of Tanitamunnebnesetawy. The papyrus is now in the Egyptian Museum at Turin, as part of the papyri collection of the department of manuscripts. it was transferred to the Egyptian Museum at Turin in 1824 by Bernardino Drovetti. The papyrus is particularly an important example of teamwork in the production of the Book of the Dead papyri during the Ptolemaic Period, where written by several scribes, allows us to highlight some features of the Book of the Dead during this period. It offers numerous opportunities to detect changes in handwriting and layout according to each scribe. The current article will study the layout, sign’s structure and composition, orthography, and handwriting analysis of the scribes to know the number of the scribes who created these texts.


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